Lesson 110: Hatred of theWorld / More About the Comforter / Sorrow Will Turn to Joy
John 15:18-27, 16:1-33
A Blending of The Four Gospel Records. This is lesson # 110. And welcome again! We're in the middle of John ch. 15. Our reading is going to begin in v.18 and continue through the end of the chapter. This is a continuation of Jesus speaking to the apostles in the upper room after the passover meal, after Jesus instituted the Lord's Supper, after Jesus washed the disciples feet and after Judas left. Are you ready? Beginning in John 15:18, let's read. "If the world hate you, ye know that it hated me before it hated you. If ye were of the world, the world would love his own; but because ye are not of the world, but I have chosen you out of the world, therefore the world hateth you. Remember the word that I said unto you, The servant is not greater than his lord. If they have persecuted me, they will also persecute you; if they have kept my sayings, they will keep yours also. But all these things will they do unto you for my name's sake, because they know not him that sent me. If I had not come and spoken unto them, they had not had sin; but now they have no cloak for their sin. He that hateth me hateth my Father also. If I had not done among them the works which none other man did, they had not had sin: but now have they both seen and hated both me and my Father. But this cometh to pass, that the word might be fulfilled that is written in their law, They hated me without a cause. But when the Comforter is come, whom I will send unto you form the Father, even the Spirit of truth, which proceedeth from the Father, he shall testify of me: and ye also shall bear witness, because ye have been with me from the beginning."
The key word in this passage is HATE or HATRED. You see, this is in contrast to the so called "New Commandment" that Jesus had given. Back up and look at what Jesus had said to the apostles after the foot washing and after Judas had left. In John 13:34-35, Jesus gave that new commandment that they love one another. And Jesus said this was to distinguish His disciples: "by this shall all men know that ye are my disciples." Then in ch. 14:15, "If you love me, keep my commandments." Then, down in v.24 is the reciprocal of that statement: "He that loveth me NOT keepeth NOT my sayings..." Then, ch. 15:10, "If ye keep my commandments, ye shall abide in my love..." Then, ch. 15:12, "This is my commandment, That ye love one another, as I have loved you." V.13, "Greater love hath no man that this, that a man lay down his life for his friends." Then in v.17, "These things I command you, that ye love one another." Now, all of this was said to admonish his disciples. In the section we just read, v.18-27, we see the reciprocal, i.e. the nature of the world and what the disciples could expect from the world in contrast to what Jesus expects of his disciples. But, Jesus was warning his disciples that they should get braced for shocking treatment from the world, i.e. that element who do not believe in Jesus and who persecute his disciples. History bears record that during the next three hundred years after Jesus; his words in this passage must have been fulfilled millions of time. Since that time, conditions may have improved some; but, that element is still with. us. So, Jesus warned the disciples (v.18) "If the world hate you, ye know that it hated me before it hated you." This thought must have been an encouragement many times in the future when the disciples were confronted with persecution. And even though Jesus' death on the cross had not taken place at that moment; it is spoken of as present. In v. 18-25, Jesus shows and discusses the hate of the world. In v.23, Jesus made the point that one who hates Jesus also hates God. And because the apostles were chosen, v.19, they would be hated also. The quotation in v.25 comes from Psalm 69:4.
Then in v.26, Jesus shows a contrast, in that when the Holy Ghost, or the Comforter came he would testify of Jesus. The apostles were to bear witness or testify in a like manner (v.27). One of the purposes of apostles was to bear witness. This is brought out at the time Judas was replaced by the apostle Matthias in Acts. 1:22-26.
Let's read the first 15 verses of John ch. 16. Are you ready? Beginning in John 16:1, let's read. "These things have I spoken unto you, that ye should not be offended. They shall put you out of the synagogues: yea, the time cometh, that whosoever killeth you will think that he doth God service. And these things will they do unto you, because they have not known the Father, nor me. But these things have I told you, that when the time shall come, ye may remember that I told you of them. And these things I said not unto you at the beginning, because I was with you. But now I go my way to him that sent me; and none of you asketh me, Whither goest thou? But because I have said these things unto you, sorrow hath filled your heart. Nevertheless I tell you the truth; It is expedient for you that I go away: for if I go not away, the Comforter will not come unto you; but if I depart, I will send him unto you. And when he is come, he will reprove the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment: of sin, because they believe not on me; of righteousness, because I go to my Father, and ye see me no more; of judgment, because the prince of this world is judged. I have yet many things to say unto you, but ye cannot bear them now. Howbeit when he, the Spirit of truth., is come, he will guide you into all truth: for he shall not speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall hear, that shall he speak: and he will show you things to come. He shall glorify me: for he shall receive of mine, and shall show it unto you. All things that the Father hath are mine: therefore said I, that he shall take of mine, and shall show it unto you."
It seems to me that this section could be summarized by the first verse in John ch. 14, "Let not your hearts be troubled..." Jesus to the very last moment tried to strengthen and encourage the apostles and disciples. John introduced this section in John 13:1 with that thought. Here in ch. 16:1, Jesus said he spoke these thing "that ye should not be offended", i.e. to help the apostles to get through this difficult time. Things would reach such proportions of evil, v.2, that "whosoever killeth you will think that he doeth God service." The apostle James had his head cut off by one of the Herods some 10 or 15 years after that night in the upper room. Acts ch. 12 says that Herod stretched forth to take Peter also; and, I suppose the king thought he was doing God service, as Jesus said here. Jesus explained to them that he was telling them these thing ahead of time, i.e. in advance; as proof of these things and secondly, it would establish Jesus' divine nature when it came to pass, (16:4). This is essentially a repeat of what Jesus said in 14:29, "I have told you before it come to pass, that, when it is come to pass, ye might believe." Then, the latter part of 16:4, Jesus explained that this is the reason he had not burdened them with these things before. Jesus realized (v.6) that saying these things to the apostles had filled their hearts with sorrow. Then in v.7-15, Jesus told the apostles, in effect, that all IS NOT LOST. There was a positive side to all of this. It was part of the plan. If the apostles could see it from that point of view; it would cause their sorrow to turn to joy. The Holy Ghost would not come and begin his work with them until Jesus returned to heaven. So, from that point of view; that the world may be taught and salvation offered; it was expedient that the work get under way. Then in v.8-11, Jesus listed three things the Comforter would do. We may regard these three things as a restatement of the gospel and accomplishing Jesus' mission in coming to the earth. (#1) The Spirit would (and now is) reproving the world of sin, i.e. making the world aware that the rejecting of Jesus is the ultimate trespass. Or for that matter, that any sin is fatal and culminates in eternal punishment if not forgiven. In other words, it's The first step that we must understand; that without Christ we are lost, i.e. one of the purposes of the Comforter or Holy Spirit is to reprove the world of sin. (#2). The second step is to understand that sin can be forgiven and that it is through righteousness; i.e. the blood of Jesus, that sins can be forgiven and that in this way; the world is offered a way of salvation and escape from eternal punishment. (#3) There will be a day of reckoning and judgment. The works of Satan will ultimately be over thrown and brought to nought. Satan himself will be judged. The words "prince of this world", v.11, is another term for Satan, God's arch enemy. Then look at v.13-14! Jesus listed some of the things that the Spirit would do for the apostles. (#1) He would guide the apostles into ALL TRUTH, i.e. the apostles would be assisted in knowing the reality of Jesus' teaching. The Spirit would assist the apostles in ascertaining God's will. (#2) The Holy Ghost would not bring some new doctrine. He would not speak of himself, i.e. he would convey and provide Jesus' doctrine.(#3) The Holy Spirit would show the apostles things to come. In other words, there would be new situations arise that had not at that time been covered with respect to the kingdom that the apostles much teach. The Holy Spirit would provide and show them things to come. They could be assured that the things the Spirit conveyed to the apostles would be according to Jesus' will and the will of the heavenly Father. Thus, the apostles would know how to loose and bind, open and shut, with the keys to the kingdom they had been promised in Matt. 16:19. In short, the apostles would know the doctrine.
Let's continue our reading. V.16-24, in John ch. 16. Have you got your eyes on it? Let's read beginning in John 16:16. "A little while, and ye shall not see me: and again, a little while, and ye shall see me, because I go to the Fatter. Then said some of his disciples among themselves, What is this that he saith unto us, A little while, and ye shall not see me: and again, a little while, and ye shall see me: and, Because I go to the Father? They said therefore, What is this that ho saith, A little while? we cannot tell what he saith. Now Jesus knew that they were desirous to . ask him, and said unto them, Do ye inquire among yourselves of that I said, A little while, and ye shall not see me: and again, a little while, and ye shall see me? Verily, verily, I say unto you, That ye shall weep and lament, but the world shall rejoice; and ye shall be sorrowful, but your sorrow shall be turned into joy. A woman when she is in travail hath sorrow, because her hour is come: but as soon as she is delivered of the child, she remembereth no more the anguish, for joy that a man is born into the world. And ye now therefore have sorrow: but I will see you again, and your heart shall rejoice, and your joy no man taketh from you. And in that day ye shall ask me nothing. Verily, verily, I say unto you, Whatsoever ye shall ask the Father in my name, he will give it you. Hitherto have ye asked nothing in my name: ask, and ye shall receive, that your joy may be full."
Take just a minute and try to imagine you are one of those eleven apostles sitting there in the upper room with both eyes focused on Jesus. Listen to v.16, "A little while, and ye shall NOT see me" Jesus said. Then in the next breath he said, "again, a little while, and ye shall see me..." Now,' you've heard the story of Jesus' death on the cross and his resurrection from the dead. In that you know and understand something the apostles DID NOT understand at that moment. Some of them said, (v.18), "A little while? we cannot tell what he saith." Can you understand that? Then, Jesus went over it again. Jesus said, they would "weep and lament, but the world shall rejoice." Latch on to that! It describes what happened very accurately, we shall see. What about those Jewish leaders that Judas was likely dealing with at that very moment? They would rejoice to see Jesus dead. Then in Jesus' parabolic, illustrative way, Jesus said to them it was going to be somewhat like a woman in labor. The apostles would have tremendous sorrow and travail and then all that anguish would suddenly turn to joy (v.21). When it was over and when the Spirit came; it would all be cleared up and they would understand. There wouldn't be much opportunity for the apostles to converse with Jesus when he came back (v.23); but, in his absence, Jesus would intercede for them and God would give them what they needed. At that time, Jesus introduced prayer in his name; i.e. by his authority. This was new to the apostles. They had been instructed to pray before; but, not in Jesus' name. They were to use this after; Jesus ascended from the grave, "in that day" (v.23).
Let's read v.25-33, finish off John ch. 16. Are you ready? Starting in John 16:25, let's road. "These things have I spoken unto you in proverbs: but the time cometh, when I shall no more speak unto you in proverbs, but I shall show you plainly of the Father. At that day ye shall ask in my name: and I say not unto you, that I will pray the Father for you: for the Father himself loveth you, because ye have loved me, and have believed that I came out from God. I came forth from the Father, and am come into the world: again, I leave the world, and go to the Father. His disciples said unto him, Lo, now speakest thou plainly, and speakest no proverb. Now are we sure that thou kncwest all things, and needest not that any man should ask thee: by this we believe that thou earnest forth from God. Jesus answered them, Do ye now believe? Behold, the hour cometh, yea, is now come, that ye shall be scattered, every man to his own, and shall leave me alone: and yet I am not alone, because the Father is with me. These things I have spoken unto you, that in me ye might have peace. In the world ye shall have tribulation: but be of good cheer; I have overcome the world."
Alright, if you'll take the time to re-read these verses with a very probing analysis; I see nothing that I can add that you would not likely pick up on. Jesus had said (v.16), they would not see him for a little while and then again they WOULD see him in a little while. If you lay that down beside v.28, where Jesus said, "I came forth from the Father, and am come into the world: again, I leave the world, and go to the Father." This last statement is a much broader and a far more inclusive statement; i.e. time wise. So, the place that Jesus came from (as John discussed in the first few verses of this book); is the same place where Jesus returned TO, and is now reigning, i.e. heaven. When Jesus said he had spoken to them in PROVERBS, that is equivalent to saying he spake in PARABLES. They thought they had heard enough parables, they wanted Jesus to speak plainly (29), i.e. give it to them in 3rd grade language. Who ever it was that spoke up tried to convince Jesus they v-ere ready. They said they were convinced that Jesus came from God. It's interesting that the reason they gave was that they were "sure that thou knowest all things, and needest not that any man should ask thee..." In other words it's the same thing John pointed out back in John 2:25. But, Jesus told them their faith was not as strong as they thought. V.32 is a very explicit prophecy, I'm sure you understand. Until our next lesson, have a good day.