Lesson 53: More Miracles: Jairus' Daughter and a Lady Sick for Twelve Year!
Matthew 9:18-26, Mark 5:21-43, Luke 8:40-56
A Blending of The Four Gospel Records. Welcome to lesson # 53. Our last lesson closed with Jesus and his disciples sailing westward as they departed out of the land of the Gadarenes where the people had requested Jesus depart out of their coasts. They wanted Jesus OUT of their life! And the verses we covered there are probably the most extreme case of devils, demons, and unclean spirits in the whole Bible. After leaving the country of Gadara; Jesus and his apostles and possibly a few other disciples went back to Capernaum. You will remember that Matthew referred to Capernaum as Jesus' "own city." (Matt. 9:1). The sea of Galilee must be about 7 or 8 miles wide where they were crossing. And, I would assume this was the next evening after they had left Capernaum when Jesus took the nap on the little pallet in the back of the ship and .the great sudden storm came up. If there was no fog and visibility was good; I would think you could see the sails of even a small vessel that far in day-light. Thus, the people of Capernaum were probably aware of the little ships returning before the ships actually arrived. So, Luke said in Luke 8:40 that, "they were all waiting for him." Mark says, "much people gathered unto him." So, whether Jesus went back to Peter and Andrew's house or to Matthew's house or some place else in Capernaum; we don't know. But, like I said before; every place where Jesus went great things happened. So, we read here of two more great miracles that Jesus did in Capernaum. Let's read Luke first and then we'll get Mark and Matthew. All three of the synoptic writers give us a long account of Jairus' daughter and another woman healed on that same day. A sort of miracle within .a miracle. Let's read from Luke beginning in ch. 8:40. We're going to finish that chapter. Luke 8:40-56. Are you ready? Let's read together. "And it came to pass, that, when Jesus was returned, the people gladly received him: for they were all waiting for him. And, behold, there came a man named Jairus, and he was a ruler of the synagogue; and he fell down at Jesus' feet, and besought him that he would come into his house: for he had one only daughter, about twelve years of age, and she lay a dying. But as he went the people thronged him. And a woman having an issue of blood twelve years, which had spent all her living upon physicians, neither could be healed of any, came behind him, and touched the border of his garment: and immediately her issue of blood stanched. And, Jesus said, Who touched me? When all denied, Peter and they that were with him said, Master, the multitude throng thee and press thee, and sayest thou, Who touched me? And Jesus said, Somebody hath touched me: for I perceive that virtue is gone out of me. And when the woman saw that she was not hid, she came trembling, and falling down before him, she declared unto him before all the people for what cause she had touched him, and how she was healed immediately. And he said unto her, Daughter, be of good comfort: thy faith hath made thee whole; go in peace. While he yet spake, there cometh one from the ruler of the synagogue's house, saying to him, Thy daughter is dead; trouble not the Master. But when Jesus heard it, he answered him, saying, Fear not: believe only, and she shall be made whole. And when he came into the house, he suffered no man to go in, save Peter, and James and John, and the father and the mother and of maiden. And all wept, and bewailed her: but he said, Weep not; she is not dead, but sleepeth. And they laughed him to scorn, knowing that she was dead. And he put them all out, and took her by the hand, and called, saying, Maid, arise. And her spirit came back again, and she arose straight way: and he commanded to give her meat. And her parents were astonished: but he charged them that they should tell no man what was done."
O.K. while it's fresh on your mind, let's do it again. Mark 5:22-43. The longest account of the three writers, 23 verses. Let's read it! Beginning in Mark 5:21. Are you ready? "And when Jesus was passed over again by ship unto the other side, much people gathered unto him; and he was nigh unto the sea. And, behold, there cometh one of the rulers of the synagogue, Jairus by name; and when he saw him, he fell at his feet, and besought him greatly, saying, My little daughter lieth at the point of death: I pray thee, come and lay thy hands on her, that she may be healed; and she shall live. And Jesus went with him. And much people followed him, and thronged him. And a certain woman, which had an issue of blood twelve years, and had suffered many things of many physicians, and had spent all that she had, and was nothing better, but rather grew worse, when she had heard of Jesus, came in the press behind, and touched his garment. For she said, If I may touch but his clothes, I shall be whole. And straightway the fountain of her blood was dried up; and she felt in her body that she was healed of that plague. And Jesus, immediately knowing in himself that virtue had gone out of him, turned him about in the press, and said, Who touched my clothes? And his disciples said unto him, thou seest the multitude thronging thee, and sayest thou, Who touched me? And he looked round about to see her that had done this thing. But the woman fearing and trembling, knowing what was done in her, came and fell down before him, and told him all the truth. And he said unto her, Daughter, thy faith hath made thee whole; go in peace, and be whole of thy plague. While he yet spake, there came from the ruler of the synagogue's house certain which said, Thy daughter is dead; why troublest thou the Master any further? As soon as Jesus heard the word that was spoken, he saith unto the ruler of the synagogue, Be not afraid, only believe. And he suffered no man to follow him, save Peter, and James, and John the brother of James. And he cometh to the house of the ruler of the synagogue, and seeth the tumult, and them that wept and wailed greatly. And when he was come in, he saith unto them, Why make ye this ado, and weep? the damsel is not dead, but sleepeth. And they laughed him to scorn. But when he had put them all out, he taketh the father and the mother of the damsel, and them that were with him, and entered in where the damsel was lying. And he took the damsel by the hand, and said unto her, Talitha cumi; which is being interpreted, Damsel, (I say unto thee,) arise. And straightway the damsel arose, and walked; for she was of the age of twelve years. And they were astonished with a great astonishment. And he charged them straitly that no man should know it; and commanded that something should be given her to eat."
Alright, one more reading. Matthew's account begins in Matt. 9:18. Nine verses. Matt. 9:18-26. Let's read again. Are you ready. Beginning in 9:18. "While he spake these things unto them, behold, there came a certain ruler, and worshipped him, saying, My daughter is even now dead: but come and lay thy hand upon her, and she shall live. And Jesus arose, and followed him, and so did his disciples. And, behold, a woman, which was diseased with an issue of blood twelve years, came behind him, and touched the hem of his garment: for she said within herself, If I may but touch his garment, I shall be whole. But Jesus turned him about, and when he saw her, he said, Daughter, be of good comfort; thy faith hath made thee whole. And the woman was made whole from that hour. And when Jesus came into the ruler's house, and saw the minstrels and the people making a noise, He said unto them, Give place: for the maid is not dead, but sleepeth. And they laughed him to scorn. But when the people were put forth, he went in, and took her by the hand, and the maid arose. And the fame hereof went abroad into all that land."
O.K., as I said before; I would assume that Jesus had made it back to either Matthew's house or Peter's house when the man Jairus came enquiring for Jesus. Because Matthew said (in v.19), "Jesus AROSE, and followed him..." Mark said, "there cometh one of the rulers of the synagogue, Jairus by name..." Thus, you might make a mental note for future reference; this implies there were more than one ruler of that synagogue. And undoubtedly there was more than one synagogue in Capernaum. We have no way knowing how many; but, we've come across several references already. You will recall the man with the unclean spirit that Jesus healed there in Capernaum in a synagogue, the same day Jesus healed Peter's mother-in-law (Luke 4:33). Also, there was a centurion that Jesus healed his servant, in the first few verses of Luke ch. 7. You will remember HE BUILT a synagogue for the Jews there in Capernaum. An elder and a synagogue RULER were apparently the same thing. This man Jairus was a ruler of the synagogue. So, there's a good chance that this man Jairus had had prior contact with Jesus as well as those that Jesus had healed and probably had made firsthand observation. Jairus was in desperate need and his need was stronger than his pride. Jairus, "besought him greatly, saying/ My little daughter lieth at the point of death...come that she may be healed; and she shall live." (That's in Mark 5:23). Thus, Jairus expressed great confidence in Jesus. Now, try to get this in clear mental focus. Mark said in v.21, "much people" had gathered to Jesus. Jairus came seeking Jesus. Jesus arose and went with Jairus. The whole crowd seem to be moving along together. Jairus must have been in an acute state of anxiety. He was elated that Jesus was going. But, that elation must have been tempered with fear that it may already be too late for he knew that the little daughter could die any moment. The NIV reads like this: "As Jesus was on his way, the crowds almost crushed him." It was in the middle of all this confusion that the second incident took place. Remembering again that Luke (who wrote this) was a Physician; let's look at Luke's account: "a woman having an issue of blood twelve years, which had spent all her living upon physicians, neither could be healed of any..." The woman realized that her case was hopeless with respect to medical help. Not only did the woman GET NO help medically; that malady had also stripped her of her living. I would assume this was associated with the female menses [men'-sez]. And, under these conditions the woman was considered unclean. You might want to read about that in Lev. 15:26. This woman had faith that Jesus could heal her of that bleeding condition; but, it was embarrassing and immodest for her to communicate her need for healing. Thus, she was trying in her own private and confidential way to take advantage of Jesus' healing power without a public communication. In a somewhat superstitious way she touched Jesus' clothing hoping that some benefit might be radiated to her. As we learned in John 2:25, Jesus knew what was in man. So, Jesus healed the woman; but, he wanted her to know it did not come in some superstitious way in response to touching his clothing. Luke said, "when the woman saw that she was not hid, she came trembling...", (that is) she declared all, or you might say she confessed. Jesus said, "Daughter, be of good comfort: thy faith hath made thee whole; go in peace." Thus, as I said, Jesus wanted her to know she was healed through his compassion and understanding and NOT by some superstitious means.
It always amazes me when I try to think through how fast things were moving in that crowd. All of this took place, no doubt, in a much shorter time that we've used to talk about it. Of course, Jairus was anxious to get to his house where his little daughter was. The woman with the bleeding problem incident was a distraction to Jairus' cause. Hardly had Jesus gotten out the words, "go in peace" to that trembling lady, when they met a messenger from Jairus1 house met him; likely out of breath, and with much anxiety conveyed to Jairus, "Thy daughter is dead; trouble not the Master." That message must have sounded as DOOM to the synagogue ruler. And, it's a good bet that raising the little daughter from the dead was the farthest thought from Jairus' mind. That closes the case, in his thinking. I would assume that a synagogue leader such as Jairus must have dealt with death, funerals, etc. almost every day. Did Jairus understand Jesus' words? "Fear not: believe only, and she shall be made whole."- (Luke 8:50). Did those words penetrate? NOT LIKELY! Jairus had explicit faith that if Jesus would only come; his daughter would be healed. The text says he prostrated himself at Jesus' feet and made that confession (Luke 8:41). Analyze what Jesus said to Jairus in v.50, JUST KEEP YOUR FAITH! Don't let death shake your faith. You know, there's a great lesson in that for us. Don't be shaken by death! We're all going to die. That is an established fact, unless we're living when Jesus comes again, of course. Then there's very little difference. So, if it's definitely going to happen; what makes the difference if it's today, tomorrow or the day after? So, just keep your faith and be prepared. But, move on down to Jairus' house! Can you visualize this? Some in that house were crying and weeping. Jairus must have been devastated. What about the mother? Notice how Jesus handled this. He abated the crowd by picking out three men to go in with him. He was saying to the crowd in effect: you stay here! As he entered the house; Jesus tried to calm those who were weeping and making such ado; I suppose servants, relatives, neighbors and by-standers. He said, "the damsel is not dead, but sleepeth." And then this brought a reaction of scorn, then the door was closed, there were six people in that room including Jesus but excluding the body of that twelve year old girl. We don't even know her name. Every eyeball must have been focused on Jesus; as he took her by the hand and said "Maid, arise." "Tal'itha cu'mi" is what Jesus really said; but, Mark explains to us in v.41 that if that Aramaic phrase is translated it means simply, "Damsel, arise!" The point IS according to the commentators; Jesus used the natural words that a parent would use in the morning to wake-up a child from peaceful rest. From Jesus' point of view, the girl was sleeping. Her spirit had separated from her body. THAT is the scriptural definition of death, when the soul and the body are separated, that's physical death. James said, "as the body without the spirit is dead, so faith without works is dead also." (Jas. 2:26). But study for a moment what Luke said; "her spirit came again." Thus, the spirit is that factor that gives our body animation. When the spirit is separated from the body it's dead, it's obvious the spirit is preserved. We have no hint here about HOW and WHERE the spirit is preserved after death, but, Luke said plainly, "her spirit came again." Do you remember the words of Jesus in John 5:28? "Marvel not at this: for the hour is coming, in the which all that are in the graves shall hear his voice, and shall come forth; they that have done good unto the resurrection of life; and they that done evil, unto the resurrection of damnation." So what happened to that girl and the widow's son at Nain; will happen to all of us some time in the future. Jesus commanded two things: (#1) feed the girl, and (#2) "tell no man what was done." Why? Jesus was not trying to drum up business in raising the dead, those apostles were being trained, remember going back to the beginning of Luke ch. 8. And what a seminar that was! Have a good day!